“Книга, прочитанная тысячами людей, это тысячи разных книг.”

Андрей Тарковский, Запечатлённое Время (via russian-literature)

A VCU reading group is studying Bulgakov’s Master and…

A VCU reading group is studying Bulgakov’s Master and Margarita this month. On their email listserv one member linked to a copy of the novel online (Glenny, transl.), at masterandmargarita.eu, where I found a wealth of links to illustrated and adapted versions of the text.

The images above come from Riodian Tainev’s graphic adaptation, from Terra press, 1997. You can access the complete text here.

Pussy Riot at the Olympics

Members of the group, including Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alekhina, who were released from jail in December, were set upon by uniformed Cossacks – who are acting as an informal police force during the games – and plainclothes security men, as they attempted to perform under a sign advertising the Olympics.

-via The Guardian.

and Tumblr Commentary, from Annihilate This Week:

OK, this is fascinating, because if you click through, there are photographs of members being unmasked and Nadya and Masha are clearly performing as part of Pussy Riot during this action. So does this mean the statement released earlier this month indicating that the two of them were no longer members of Pussy Riot was just a smokescreen to try and throw off the Russian government? Because that’s pretty fascinating. Also, note the fact that one of the members was apparently male, which also contradicts previous communiques. Finally, note the fact that police on the scene didn’t arrest anyone, which makes me think that, on some level, Pussy Riot has got the Russian government afraid to mess with them. I find that FASCINATING. (Not, of course, that it stops right wing militias from beating them up, which is far from ideal, but still, no one from Pussy Riot’s crew being in jail as the result of this incident is extremely surprising to me.)

I am pretty confused at the moment about what is going on with Pussy Riot overall, but I will say one thing: they’re pretty much the punkest band in the world. And I stand by that even if they aren’t an actual band, in the strictest sense of the term.

It seems like a mistake to interpret the open letter distancing the group from Alekhina and Tolokonnikova as having much definitive meaning. As far as I can tell the original source for the letter is this post from Pussy Riot’s live journal,* which is of limited value for two reasons: 1. the journal has been largely inactive for the last year, leaving some questions about how central it is to the group’s actual function, and 2. the fundamental makeup of Pussy Riot has always been one of decentralized egalitarianism. The idea that a few members could define, without their consent or participation, the “status” of other members seems entirely outside the group’s central values system. As an art collective Pussy Riot has always had some particularly active central figures, but I don’t think it’s right to interpret that as a closed membership system. It’s also worth noting that a smokescreen in contemporary Russia would be unnecessary and ineffective–the government hardly needs group membership as a pretense for arrest, and neither Alekhina nor Tolokonnikova have made any effort to veil their contempt for Putin or for his government. They’re just as arrest-able as independent activists as they are band members, possibly even more so.

All that said, I’m equally fascinated by this last point: they haven’t been re-arrested. This seems totally out of character for the Russian government, and I wonder if it is only a stay of arrest until after the Olympics have closed.** Prominence in the West has not been a dissuading factor for the Russian police in the past; it is very hard to see why it would be now, especially when the activists are so clearly unconcerned with avoiding it.

I’m most interested to see what they do after the Olympics, and especially with regard to prison activism. There is so much to be done to raise awareness about the Russian judicial and correctional systems; I think there is a lot they can do with their newfound global audience.

*It’s been like two years since I’ve read their live journal, and the comments are really active now. I totally learned the Russian word for “trolling,” which is троллинг. Word adoption from the internet is happening so quickly that I predict soon we will all speak Russian simply by speaking English with an accent.

**It’s also possible the amnesty legislation that allowed for their release would preclude their re-incarceration. I haven’t read whatever document Putin issued to allow their release, so who knows. Some Russian lawyer?

Via Getty Images:Photographer Brendan Hoffman is back out in…

Via Getty Images:

Photographer Brendan Hoffman is back out in Kiev as violence escalates once more
Anti-government protesters guard the perimeter of Independence Square, known as Maidan, on February 19, 2014 in Kiev, Ukraine. After several weeks of calm, violence has again flared between police and anti-government protesters, who are calling for the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych over corruption and an abandoned trade agreement with the European Union.